Archive for October 7, 2012
Franklin Roosevelt spoke these words over 75 years ago in his acceptance speech for a second term. They are still just as true as the day he spoke them. You can find the whole speech here. Below is an excerpt that puts much more flesh and meaning on the insight above:
“An old English judge once said: “Necessitous men are not free men.” Liberty requires opportunity to make a living—a living decent according to the standard of the time, a living which gives man not only enough to live by, but something to live for.
For too many of us the political equality we once had won was meaningless in the face of economic inequality. A small group had concentrated into their own hands an almost complete control over other people’s property, other people’s money, other people’s labor—other people’s lives. For too many of us life was no longer free; liberty no longer real; men could no longer follow the pursuit of happiness.
Against economic tyranny such as this, the American citizen could appeal only to the organized power of Government. The collapse of 1929 showed up the despotism for what it was. The election of 1932 was the people’s mandate to end it. Under that mandate it is being ended.
The royalists of the economic order have conceded that political freedom was the business of the Government, but they have maintained that economic slavery was nobody’s business. They granted that the Government could protect the citizen in his right to vote, but they denied that the Government could do anything to protect the citizen in his right to work and his right to live.
Today we stand committed to the proposition that freedom is no half-and-half affair. If the average citizen is guaranteed equal opportunity in the polling place, he must have equal opportunity in the market place.
These economic royalists complain that we seek to overthrow the institutions of America. What they really complain of is that we seek to take away their power. Our allegiance to American institutions requires the overthrow of this kind of power. In vain they seek to hide behind the Flag and the Constitution. In their blindness they forget what the Flag and the Constitution stand for. Now, as always, they stand for democracy, not tyranny; for freedom, not subjection; and against a dictatorship by mob rule and the over-privileged alike.
The brave and clear platform adopted by this Convention, to which I heartily subscribe, sets forth that Government in a modern civilization has certain inescapable obligations to its citizens, among which are protection of the family and the home, the establishment of a democracy of opportunity, and aid to those overtaken by disaster.
But the resolute enemy within our gates is ever ready to beat down our words unless in greater courage we will fight for them.”
Let us hope the spirit of FDR still runs deep in the Democratic Party. The Republican economic royalists have spent most of the last 30 years choking opportunity for workers by every means possible.
Remember what great fun it was to jump in that big old pile of leaves that Dad had raked into the hugest pile in the world? Remember the smell of the burning leaves throughout the neighborhood on those warm Autumn days? Remember coming in after a great Saturday outside and Mom had a warm bowl of tomato soup and a gooey toasted cheese sandwich that warmed you inside and out? Let’s face it, Fall only happens once a year. The warm afternoons, the cool, crisp evenings, the crawling out of a warm bed to go to (yuck) school.
Well let’s see if you remembered ANYTHING from that grade school science section on leaves. Some straight answers, some multiple guess. Have fun.
1) What is the green color in leaves?
2) Leaves are broad and flat. Why?
a) So the wind will not blow them off
b) To disperse heat during heat spells and drought
c) To capture the maximum sunlight
d) To lessen the weight stress on a branch
3) Photosynthesis is a word we all have heard. What does photosynthesis do?
a) reflect sunlight back to the sky to keep the tree cool
b) takes sunlight water and carbon in the leaf and makes food for the tree
c) draws water in through the root system
d) breathes in carbon dioxide though the leaves
4) When water is hard to get what does the leaf do?
a) roll up
b) fall off
c) turn color
5) The underside of the leaf has organs known as what?
6) What does the underside of the leaf do for the tree?
7) In the fall, leaves turn colors. What are the group of colors that give leaves the red – orange – yellow colors?
8) How many leaves does an average deciduous tree have?
9) How many humans per year can one tree produce oxygen for?
10) How much would 25,000 dry oak leaves weigh?
a) 50 pounds
b) 200 pounds
c) 170 pounds
d) 70 pounds
BTW – don’t light those leaves on fire anymore! That smoky leaf smell really chokes some of us up. Anyway, dead composted leaves are great fertilizer.
2) c) to capture the sunlight
3) b) using sun (from greek for sun) carbon and water the tree makes sugar for its fuel
4) a) roll up
6) breathes in carbon dioxide (for photosynthesis) and transpires water.
7) d) carotenoids
8) c) 200,000 (reference if you want)
9) b) 2
10) d) 70 pounds